Fire Resistant Hydraulic Fluid
Damage to hydraulic equipment is usually due to fire, which is often the result of breaks or pinhole leaks in hydraulic hoses. A hydraulic fire can move so quickly and burn so intensely that it may not be possible to control it with a fire extinguisher.
Preventing or minimizing this type of loss is important in helping you maintain a profitable business. Unexpected (and unbudgeted) down time, equipment damage, and uninsured costs associated with hazardous materials and clean up can erode profits. One way to help reduce these losses from occurring is to replace the equipment's flammable hydraulic oils with fire resistant fluids.
While fire resistant fluids have a lower fire hazard than petroleum oil, all will ignite under extreme conditions. Although fire resistant fluids are not fireproof, they do reduce the potential hazard associated with oil-based fluids.
The demand on turbine oil are the turbine themselves and their specific operation condition. the oil in the lubricating and control circuits of steam and gas turbines has fulfil the objective.
Apart from these mechanical – dynamic requirements the following physical-chemical specification also have to be fulfilled by turbine oils.
- Aging stability for long operation periods.
- Hydrolytic stability (especially for additive used).
- Corrosion protection even if water, steam and \ or condensation is present
- Rapid separation of water vaper.
- Rapid air release and low foaming.
- Good filterability and purity.
These stringent demands on steam and gas turbine oils are met with carefully selected base oil and the inclusion of special additive.
Most factories and manufacturing facilities use compressed gas systems for a variety of applications, and keeping these air compressors running is critical to keeping the entire operation running. Nearly all compressors require a form of lubricant to cool, seal or lubricate internal components. Proper lubrication will ensure that your equipment will continue operating, and the plant will avoid costly downtime and repairs.
Proper lubrication also will help compressors run cooler and consume less electrical energy. It is simple: reduced friction = reduced heat = reduced energy consumption. Compressed air systems in most manufacturing plants consume a majority of the daily power requirements, so if you are looking for a continuous improvement project, reducing energy costs through better lubricant practices is a sure winner.
Where the refrigerant is essential for the cooling properties of a refrigeration system, the refrigeration oil is crucial for the correct functioning of the compressor. Lubricants for refrigeration compressors reduce friction, prevent wear and act as a seal between the high- and low-pressure sides.
Transformer oils (also known as insulating oil) primary insulate and cools transformers, but can also be found in other electrical equipment, such as high voltage switches and circuit breakers. Transformer oils must be able to remain stable at high temperatures for long periods of times.
There are two main types of transformer oil used in transformers:
- Paraffin based transformer oil
- Naphtha based transformer oil
Naphtha oil is more easily oxidized than paraffin oil. But the product of oxidation – i.e. sludge – in the naphtha oil is more soluble than the sludge from the paraffin oil. Thus, sludge of naphtha-based oil is not precipitated in the bottom of the transformer. Hence it does not obstruct convection circulation of the oil, means it does not disturb the transformer cooling system.
The properties (or parameters) of transformer oil are:
- Electrical properties: Dielectric strength, specific resistance, dielectric dissipation factor.
- Chemical properties: Water content, acidity, sludge content.
- Physical properties: Interfacial tension, viscosity, flash point, pour point.